Awesome Nature

natural skin care | skin brightening | anti aging

How you can Test Makeup free of charge – Helpful Advice

eyelinerIf you’re able to reach test makeup free of charge, purchasing new makeup items could be a breeze. You’ll find the best type of shades which will work on the skin, so you can get to appear real good. You could decide among things to improve as you have attempted it and seen it with your personal eyes the way the product looks on the skin.

Trying to select what new makeup items you need to get can be quite confusing. Besides the confusing choice of items, you could also think it is really costly to test new items by purchasing them. There are plenty of different makeup producers, plus they all make an effort to differentiate their items using their competition. If you wish to check out the makeup items without having to spend just one cent, there are many ways that you could test makeup free of charge.

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The Very Best And Worst Salon Remedies

Benefits of Spa Treatments for Health

Benefits of Spa Treatments for Health

Before you decide to enter the salon for your forthcoming transformation, you might want to weigh your choices carefully. Some remedies are greatly overpriced, while some can modify the way you look on a tight budget.

Not every salon remedies count the cost. Many popular choices can harm hair, face, or nails, and transitioning to your natural appearance can be challenging. You will find, however, some good new releases that some salon clients have known as “existence-altering.” Listed here are a couple of from the negative and positive characteristics of beauty services.

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Weight Loss 4 Idiots Diet – Benefits and drawbacks

paleo-diet-cardio-vascular-diseasesBody Fat Loss 4 Idiots diet continues to be developed among the most widely used weight loss programs. After by using this diet let’s focus on several several weeks, the time is right for significantly evaluate the benefits and drawbacks of the diet. Like a conclusion, for most of us the professionals undoubtedly over-shadow the disadvantages which nutritious diet is recognized as among the best weight reduction techniques available.

In the past years, body fat Loss 4 Idiots diet continues to be developed among the most widely used weight loss programs today. The diet plan advocates a theory known as the Shifting Calorie or Caloric Shifting Theory. The concept behind Caloric Shifting would be to increase our metabolic process rate by stimulating our physiques to lose additional fat through giving signals the calorie level is low. According to personal expertise and discussions with others also by using this diet, the disadvantages and pros of Caloric Shifting are:

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6 Tips On How To Clear Up Acne

670px-Clear-up-Acne-While-Pregnant-Step-22

Although having acne breakouts is normal, especially for teens, people can’t still help but search for ways on how to clear up acne. Some are finding ways on how to treat it inexpensively while others really saves enough money so that they can pay for the soothing expensive facial skin care which can be availed in most beauty salons. But for those with hectic schedules, and can’t find time to visit any facial salons or dermatologist’s clinic, here are some ways that could help in clearing up your acne.

1. Avoid squeezing or popping your pimples and as much as possible prevent yourself from touching your outbreaks especially with unclean hands. The more you touch or squeeze the puss out of your acne, the more sebum your skin will produce. It will take more time before your pimples and blackheads clear up because of the inflammation and irritation that can possibly occur.

2. Wash your face thoroughly at least two times a day. Proper facial hygiene is the best to way on how to clear up acne as well as preventing acne to appear. Use facial soaps that does not contain oil or soaps that are not acidic.

3. Don’t forget to use moisturizer after washing your face with a sulfur-based soap that is designs specifically for acne prone people. Washing can strip of natural lipids and your skin, so put a moisturizer that suits the type of skin you have (sensitive, normal or dry) so that your body will not produce extra oil that may cause your skin to be more susceptible to breakouts.

4. Most people turn to over-the-counter products that are made to fight acne. This is the first solution they think of on how to clear up acne instantly. There are some topical creams that do not need any prescriptions from a doctor. However, make sure that the cream you will be using may not cause you allergies that can even worsen your current facial dilemma.

5. In case you are indulging yourself in some detoxification activities such as yoga or exercise, make sure that you wipe the sweat from your face immediately after the activity.

6. Use creams that have benzoyl peroxide as an active ingredient. But keep in mind that even these anti-acne products can still cause your skin to dry even though they help in healing your acne so you still need to use moisturizers. The stronger the medicine is, the higher percentage of benzoyl peroxide it contains. Some users testify that using creams with benzoyl peroxide is one of the best solutions on how to clear up acne.

When all things fail, consult your trusted dermatologist that would give you advice and medicines that on how to clear up acne.

Always keep in mind that even though these tips worked for some, it does not necessarily mean that it might work for you too. Whichever solution is best for you, keep it as a part of your daily routine. No matter what technique you choose on how to clear up acne, you need to remember that your acne problems will never be solved overnight.

For more tips and guides for Beauty,Cosmetic and Woman Health visit The Beauty Online Website right now !

Dark Circles

1Are also referred to as dark blemishes around the eyes, not just under them. There are multiple reasons why we have them. It is often due to lack of sleep, bruising, or having inherited this from our parents. Other common causes could be from allergies, asthma, ezcema, anemia or medication.

– Our eye area is very delicate. It has the thinnest skin on our whole body, and is about 0.5mm thick- compared to rest of our body of 2mm.

This means that we can see our blood vessels more easily, as the skin is very thin. The dark circles under our eyes are blood vessels. Therefore, the thinner the skin, the darker the circles will appear.

– When we lack sleep, our face can become paler, therefore dark circles appear more visible. Before our period, or during pregnancy, our skin can also become pale, which also results in more visible panda eyes.

– As we age, the skin loses more collagen, making the skin thinner — dark circles will become more noticeable and may also become permanent.

– Lack of nutrients, or lack of mineral iron can also be the cause of dark circles. As Iron deficiency causes our skin to become more pale and translucent, more blood vessels will be visible.

– Bad blood circulation of the eye area is another reason for dark circles to appear. As we are lying down sleeping or resting, blood flows easier this way rather than when we have been standing up all day.

Fine Lines

Fine lines, must not be mistaken for wrinkles. If you are 25, and say you have wrinkles, you must be seriously crazy or you are from Mars. Fine lines are a sign of dehydration.

Fine lines under eyes

As the eye area is very delicate and possibly needs more attention than anything, we often forget about this and abandon it.

Regardless of skin type, the skin of the eye area is thin, therefore it secretes less moisture as there are fewer sebaceous glands (glands that produce our natural oil, Sebum, to help nourish and moisturize our skin).

Fine lines can later become wrinkles. And when that happens, it will become permanent.

Lines Under Eyes

2The treatments we recommend for lines and wrinkles depend on your age, the condition of your skin and your lifestyle. It’s best to start with a free computerised skin analysis at your nearest clinic so one of our specialist nurses can identify any existing wrinkles, sun damage (including brown spots) and hyperpigmentation, assess your pore size and give you an accurate picture of your skin as it is now and what it will look like in 10 years.

Your nurse will then create a bespoke programme of treatment that will not only reduce the appearance of lines and wrinkles in the short term, but also improve the condition of your skin in the long term.

There are other things that can accelerate skin ageing; these include over-exposure to the sun without adequate protection, genetics, smoking and drinking alcohol. Some people are more prone to poor cell regeneration and a slowdown in the production of collagen than others, but we can all delay the signs of ageing and reduce the appearance of fine lines, wrinkles under eyes, frown lines and forehead wrinkles.

There are many different treatments that you can undergo to get rid of lines under eyes. The treatments range from doctor-administered procedures to over-the-counter pharmaceuticals.

Laser Eye Treatments – corneal shields are placed to protect the eyes, and a fractionated CO2 laser light is run over affected areas to irritate the skin, thus stimulating the production of collagen as the skin heals. This treatment is used to tighten skin more gently.

Dermal Fillers – fillers are used primarily for wrinkles and fine lines under eyes. During the treatment, hyaluronic acid, a substance that attracts and binds water to skin, is injected into the affected areas to plump up skin and reduce wrinkles.

Botulinum Toxin Type A – Commonly referred to under its trade name of Botox or Dysport, Botulinum Toxin Type A is a non-lethal toxin that is injected into a muscle to cause it to atrophy. It is commonly used in areas where facial movements are the main culprit for wrinkles because it relaxes the muscles causing the wrinkles.

Dermabrasion or Microdermabrasion – during this treatment, fine wire brushes are used to remove the top layers of the skin, revealing newer, smoother skin, and reducing the appearance of lines under eyes.

When physician-administered treatments are not an option, under eye creams can also reduce wrinkles around eyes. When using creams or serums, you should always buy a treatment that is especially formulated to work on the sensitive skin around the eyes. The best drugstore eye creams are formulated with smaller molecules, so they penetrate and treat eye tissues more effectively.

Wrinkles Under Eyes

4The first and most common cause of eye wrinkles is aging. As people age it is normal to have wrinkles not just on eyes but also on your neck, face and so on.

The second cause of wrinkles under eyes is smoking. Smoking generally increases wrinkles on the body since it generates free radicals in the body. The free radicals will reduce the amounts of elastin and collagen in the skin. This will also make the skin dry. Furthermore, as you smoke, you are likely to squint when the smoke reaches your eyes, this too will cause under eye wrinkles.

As we age, our skin, especially in the sensitive parts loses elastin and collagen. This make it to thin, get creases more easily and permanently as well as have lesser moisture.

Skin under the eyes is very delicate and requires daily moisturizing to keep it away from damage and wrinkles. Castor oil acts as a rich moisturizer that can be used daily for keeping the skin under the eyes soft and supple and also preventing wrinkles from appearing.

Massaging the skin under the eyes gently for a few seconds can make a whole lot of difference in preventing wrinkles under the eyes. Using an essential oil like rosemary can help protect as well as nourish the skin too.

Lack of adequate moisture can cause the skin to break under pressure and this will cause wrinkle lines. When the skin is delicate as in the case of skin under the eyes, the wrinkle lines can form faster than usual and can become difficult to remove as well. A good way to ensure that your skin under the eyes is well moisturized and the dark circles and skin pigmentation are kept away is to use cucumber slices for moisturizing the area.

Massage under the eyes using this mixture for ten minutes every day. Remember to be very gentle on the skin. Leave it for an hour and wash off. This will ensure that the skin under the eyes is well nourished with good blood circulation, and moisturized as well to prevent wrinkle lines from appearing.

The fat in coconut oil will help the skin get nourished and this will also help in preventing and reversing wrinkle lines from the skin. Take virgin coconut oil and gently massage into the skin under your eyes.

The various constant facial expressions is another main cause of eye wrinkles. As you laugh, squint or smile, your eyelid skin tends to get creases and with time, this will cause eye wrinkles (dynamic eye wrinkles).

The other cause of wrinkles under eyes is constant squinting due to exposure to sunshine. When walking out in a bright sunny day, you will naturally tend to squint to reduce amount of light reaching your eyes. This will cause under eye wrinkles, especially if you do this often.

How to Get Rid of Wrinkles Naturally

3Use grape seed oil. It has epidermis (skin) moisturizing and nourishing properties. It is especially efficient for maintenance of the epidermis around the eyes and in the maintenance of scars. This normal ingredient allows to combat wrinkles and rejuvenate the epidermis. Grape see oil is full of anti-oxidants such as proanthocyanidins, which help in reversing the loss of growing older. That is why many women use grape seed oil for wrinkles. If applied on dry epidermis, it keeps the epidermis moisturized, and as everybody knows, moisturized epidermis is less likely to get wrinkles than a dry one.

Maintain your health: eat right; get omega3 from cold-water fish or supplements; rest; sleep; drink enough water to stay hydrated.

Avoid drinking excessive alcohol and habitual smoking, both detrimental to your skin and health.

Screen the sun’s rays during your “sunny months” (winter is less problematic, unless you live near Earth’s equatorial regions).

Use castor oil. Castor oil is one of the oldest known anti-aging treatments. Apply and massage a few drops of castor oil to your face in the evening after cleansing. This will help keep the epidermis smoother, more flexible and decrease wrinkles. You should repeat this treatment 1 to 2 times weekly after eye wrinkles have diminished to keep under eye wrinkles from redeveloping.

Your eye wrinkles should be gone by 20 minutes. Your under eye area should now be feeling deeply hydrated, nourished, and the skin should feel plumped up and healthy! If you have very deep wrinkles still, use this oil mixture over night and apply Vaseline on top. This is a great way How to remove under eye wrinkles! Don’t give up! If you have deep eye wrinkles, I’ve seen women’s under eye wrinkles fill in after 2 weeks of this every night! You need to pamper the skin under your eye consistently to maintain the proper moisture level that will surely be How to remove under eye wrinkles!

My review, I use this under eye wrinkle remover every night after my skin is cleansed. This helps me prevent wrinkles from forming. And if I see any starting to form when my skin is weathered dry, I do the steps listed above to prep the eye area, cleanse it and nourish my under eye area. I also have a facial that will help remove dark under eye circles!

How To Prevent Under Eye Wrinkles:

  • Stay out direct sun
  • Wear sun glasses when going out
  • Never squint your eyes
  • Don’t use soap around your eyes
  • Drink plenty of water every day!
  • Use a good face moisturizer twice a day
  • Use a sunscreen with UVA/UVB protection everyday
  • Don’t use much powder under your eyes, it will over dry the skin
  • Use my famous mixture of above oils to prevent, treat and pamper the whole eye area.
  • Avoid extreme hot, cold, and wind
  • Avoid harsh chemicals
  • Avoid chlorine pools and the ocean
  • Get at least 8 hours of sleep at night

Scientists reverse ageing in human cell lines

Older woman holding hourglass

The team, led by Jun-Ichi Hayashi at the University of Tsukuba, targeted two genes that produce the amino acid glycine in the cell’s mitochondria, and figured out how to switch them on and off. By doing this, they could either accelerate the process of ageing within the cell, which caused signifiant defects to arise, or they could reverse the process of ageing, which restored the capacity for cellular respiration. Using this technique to produce more glycine in a 97-year-old cell line for 10 days, the researchers restored cellular respiration, effectively reversing the cell line’s age. The team worked with human fibroblast cell lines gathered from young people – from foetus-age to 12 years old – and the elderly, from 80 to 97 years old. They compared the capacity for cellular respiration in the young and old cells, and found that while the capacity was indeed lower in the cells of the elderly, there was almost no difference in the amount of DNA damage between the two. This calls into question the mitochondrial theory of ageing, the team reports in the journal Scientific Reports, and suggests instead that the age-related effects they were seeing were being caused by a process known as epigenetic regulation.
Epigenetic regulation describes the process where the physical structure of DNA – not the DNA sequence – is altered by the addition or subtraction of chemical structures or proteins, which is regulated by the turning on and off of certain genes. “Unlike mutations that damage that sequence, as in the other, aforementioned theory of ageing, epigenetic changes could possibly be reversed by genetically reprogramming cells to an embryonic stem cell-like state, effectively turning back the clock on ageing,” says Eric Mack at Gizmag.
Epigenetic regulation refers to changes, such as the addition of chemical structures or proteins, which alter the physical structure of the DNA, resulting in genes turning on or off. Unlike mutations, these changes do not affect the DNA sequence itself. If this theory is correct, then genetically reprogramming the cells to an embryonic stem cell-like state would remove any epigenetic changes associated with the mitochondrial DNA. In order to test this theory, the researchers reprogrammed human fibroblast cell lines derived from young and elderly people to an embryonic stem cell-like state. These cells were then turned back into fibroblasts and their mitochondrial respiratory function examined. Incredibly, the age-associated defects had been reversed — all of the fibroblasts had respiration rates comparable to those of the fetal fibroblast cell line, irrespective of whether they were derived from young or elderly people. This indicates that the aging process in the mitochondrion is controlled by epigenetic regulation, not by mutations.
The researchers then looked for genes that might be controlled epigenetically resulting in these age-associated mitochondrial defects. Two genes that regulate glycine production in mitochondria, CGAT and SHMT2, were found. The researchers showed that by changing the regulation of these genes, they could induce defects or restore mitochondrial function in the fibroblast cell lines. In a compelling finding, the addition of glycine for 10 days to the culture medium of the 97 year old fibroblast cell line restored its respiratory function. This suggests that glycine treatment can reverse the age-associated respiration defects in the elderly human fibroblasts.

Step Strategy to Reverse Mitochondrial Aging

1Their experiments focused on ‘switching on’ these genes, restoring the glycine levels in the cells and reviving the mitochondria – reversing respiratory ageing.

In the study report published in Nature’s Scientific Reports, the authors suggest that elderly people could take glycine supplements to achieve a similar effect.

The best way for elderly people to keep their mitochondria healthy is to exercise and not eat too much, according to Professor Jun-Ichi Hayashi of the University of Tsukuba, who led the research.

But he warned that people must be careful before taking extra glycine, pointing to a recent report that showed it ‘possibly enhances cancer cell proliferation’.

Have you ever wondered how long you’re going to live? The potential answer can be found in the energy-producing cellular powerhouses called mitochondria.

According to a growing number of cell biologists, the number and functionality of the mitochondria specifically determine an individual’s life span.

When we’re young, we are relatively protected against mitochondrial deterioration. As we age, however, changes within our cells lead to the destruction of mitochondria—paving the way for aging and disease.

Unfortunately, a byproduct of this energy generation is the formation of a huge stream of free radicals.Free radicals are molecules that possess a free electron—a property that makes them react with other molecules in volatile and highly destructive ways.

Free radicals attack the structure of our cell membranes, creating metabolic waste products that disturb DNA and RNA production, interfere with the synthesis of protein, and destroy important cellular enzymes. Vital tissues and molecules decay under the assaults of free radicals. In addition, free-radical disruption of cell mechanics creates mutant cells, which are linked to cancer and cellular aging.

Mitochondria are the easiest targets of free-radical injury for two reasons:

  1. They are located exactlywhere these free radicals are produced, and
  2. They lack most of the antioxidant defenses found in other parts of the cell.

Evidence strongly indicates that over time, accumulated damage to the DNA of the mitochondria in particular leads directly to metabolic disorders (such as diabetes) and degenerative disorders (such as Alzheimer’s).

Mitochondrial dysfunction is primarily seen in organs and tissues that have a high demand for energy—explaining why cardiovascular tissue and brain neurons are among the most susceptible.

When we’re young, we are largely protected against mitochondrial deterioration because our bodies produce substances to defend mitochondria from the onslaught of free radicals. However, as we age, that protection wanes, setting us up for a destructive cycle that accelerates aging and disease. As a result of this rapidly accelerating process, mitochondria in the cells of elderly people are mostly dysfunctional, whereas young individuals have virtually no mitochondrial damage.

REVERSE AGING WITH NATURAL ANTI-AGING SUPPLEMENTS

3Welcome to our Anti-Aging Program, where you can learn some simple steps to increase energy, feel more vibrant, and even look younger!   Designing an Anti-Aging Program should be fairly simple when you consider the amount of research we have on aging.  However, probably no other area in alternative health is more subject to over-promising and under-delivering than anti-aging medicine, especially with the Baby Boomer generation now approaching retirement age.  We’re talking about every “magic bullet” under the sun, from face rejuvenation creams to HGH supplements.   Ah, if only it were that simple!  Aging is not the result of any one single factor, but is the cumulative result of a number of factors, including:

  • Cell senescence, or the aging of cells
  • Diminished telomerase activity
  • Protein degradation
  • Advanced glycation end products
  • Excess sugar activity
  • Progressive systemic inflammation
  • Progressive dehydration
  • Accumulated toxic build-up in organ tissue
  • Reduced circulation
  • Reduced cellular energy production
  • Changes in hormone levels and hormone balance
  • Impeded energy flows in the body
  • Excessive body weight
  • And, of course, good old wear and tear

The above list is hardly complete.  We could add stress, the accumulation of free radicals in the body, and the results of cumulative poor nutrition, for example.  The key here is not to identify every single factor (an impossible task), but to understand that if you want to slow the aging process, you have to look at more than a magic bullet approach involving one or two supplements. The only way to maximize health and lifespan is to use a Baseline of Health® type whole-body systemic approach. In other words, for an Anti-Aging Program to be successful, you need to do everything all at once to assist in the natural anti-aging process.

There is, however, a growing body of conflicting evidence that has raised doubts about the validity of this theory. The Tsukuba team in particular has performed some compelling research that has led them to propose that age-associated mitochondrial defects are not controlled by the accumulation of mutations in the mitochondrial DNA but by another form of genetic regulation. The research, published this month in the journal Nature’s Scientific Reports,looked at the function of the mitochondria in human fibroblast cell lines derived from young people (ranging in age from a fetus to a 12 year old) and elderly people (ranging in age from 80-97 years old). The researchers compared the mitochondrial respiration and the amount of DNA damage in the mitochondria of the two groups, expecting respiration to be reduced and DNA damage to be increased in the cells from the elderly group. While the elderly group had reduced respiration, in accordance with the current theory, there was, however, no difference in the amount of DNA damage between the elderly and young groups of cells. This led the researchers to propose that another form of genetic regulation, epigenetic regulation, may be responsible for the age-associated effects seen in the mitochondria.

Genius Tricks for Getting Rid of Fine Lines

5They reach for Aquaphor. Keep a tube on your nightstand so you actually remember to pat it on your lips (and they may never chap again) and under your eyes before bed. “Tapping a little Aquaphor over your eye cream at night plumps up lines by sealing in moisture, and it’s nonirritating,” says Joshua Zeichner, a dermatologist in New York City. “It’s one of the best products for the under-eyes.”

They drink more water than you do. “Teeny lines around the eyes are often caused by dehydration,” says Francesca Fusco, a dermatologist in New York City, who recommends chugging a glass of water before bed. And if you can get yourself to go to bed earlier, your eyes will look even better. “Fine lines, like the ones around your eyes, repair themselves to some extent while you sleep, even without the help of products,” says Jeannette Graf, a dermatologist in Great Neck, New York.

They own—and religiously use—primer. If you do normal things, like talk and smile, during the day, your undereye concealer is going to crease in crow’s-feet and smile lines. So makeup artists almost never put concealer (or foundation) on wrinkles around the eyes and temples. Instead, they tap a sheer, moisturizing primer on clean skin: “It smooths crepiness and fine lines, and it’s sheer, so it won’t crease and look obvious,” says makeup artist Sandy Linter.

Stop destructive lifestyle practices. Certain aspects of your lifestyle can cause wrinkles around your eyes and make existing facial lines and wrinkles even worse, says the American Academy of Dermatology. Common examples, the academy says, include frowning and other facial expressions that crinkle the skin around your eyes; smoking, which releases free radicals that damage your skin cells; tanning; and sleeping with the side of your face pressed against your pillow.

Protect the skin around your eyes from the sun, recommends anti-aging skincare tester Paula Begoun, author of “Don’t Go to the Cosmetics Counter Without Me.” The ultraviolet light in sunlight damages your skin cells and causes hyperpigmentation and wrinkling. Before you go outdoors, smooth on sunscreen — Begoun recommends a minimum SPF of 15 — and put on a pair of sunglasses.

Smooth on an anti-aging wrinkle cream every evening before bed. Although there are dozens of eye creams on the market designed to combat lines and wrinkles, not all are made alike. For the best results, advises Emily Hebert on Elle.com, look for an anti-aging eye cream that contains effective ingredients like ceramides, hyaluronic acid, retinol, antioxidant vitamins E and C, or neuropeptides

Steps for Reversing the Aging Process

4While NAD may be a key to the fountain of youth, Sinclair, who also investigated the anti-aging effects of the red-wine compound resveratrol, isn’t ready to say that the chemical could lead to immortal cells. “I wouldn’t take it that far,” he says. “What makes reversing aging interesting is that it could buy more time than we are currently looking at.”

His next step is to put NAD in the drinking water of his mice, and see if they take longer to develop the typical chronic diseases linked to aging, such as inflammation, muscle wasting, cancer and diabetes. The pathway may become an important target for cancer researchers as well, since tumors typically grow in low-oxygen conditions and are more common in older patients.

  1. Changing Your Perception & Trusting Nature’s Healing Process

The first step is realizing and acknowledging that it is time for a change, and a time to embrace a new way of being. This first step is that of trusting nature’s power to heal if we just give it the opportunity. This can be done by stepping out of nature’s way and giving ourselves the nourishing substance we need.

  1. Bringing in Restful Awareness & Sleep

The next step that follows for this program to work is giving yourself space to have downtime- healing time. When we are in complete rest we are healing. Deep sleep and rest is a time when the body is alkalizing and doing its house cleaning.

  1. Eliminating Toxins from the Body

The third step is an important key to supporting the healing process. This is to eliminate the impurities from entering the body and also to support the body in eliminating any accumulated toxins which are locked in the tissues and body organs. Any part of the body that has pain or an excess of fat buildup is probably an area where the toxins are stored. Toxins can occur from eating processed or adulterated, unripened, enzyme-deficient or artificially-grown foods. Foods that have been chemically or biologically treated or heated to high temperatures can result in a derangement of the molecular structure. Most foods that are heated above 118c lose most of their nutrients and life-force. Stress, unhealthy emotions, over-active mind, job dissatisfaction, lack of nurturing relationships, an absence of fresh-air and time in nature are some of the other causes for toxic build-up in the body.

What Causes Dark Circles Under Your Eyes?

1OTC treatments: There are a few options that work in different ways, though their effects last only a day at most. Topical creams with stimulating ingredients, like caffeine, can constrict blood vessels and temporarily boost circulation; potent hydrators, such as hyaluronic acid, plump the area, pushing the skin up and away from the pooled blood. Retinoic acid creams thicken the outer layer of the skin to conceal shadows. Another quick fix: products with stainless-steel rollerball-tip applicators. “The cool metal causes vessels to constrict,” says New York City dermatologist Eric Schweiger. To try: Philosophy Miracle Worker Eye Repair, which contains a high-performance retinoid; $65, philosophy.com. Lancôme Génifique Eye Light-Pearl has a metallic applicator; $68, lancome-usa.com. La Roche-Posay Hydraphase Intense Eyes uses firming caffeine and moisturizinghyaluronic acid; $33 at drugstores.

Professional treatments: A few other treatments approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for use on the rest of the face can effectively treat under-eye circles. One noninvasive solution is a cream with a prescription-strength retinoid. Blue circles can also be significantly diminished by a treatment called Thermage, which involves a high-tech handheld radio-frequency device. It is nonsurgical, requires no downtime, and is thought to increase the production of collagen, which builds up and tightens the skin. One session costs about $1,000, and the results last three to five years. Zeichner treats dark circles by injecting a hyaluronic acid filler, such as Juvéderm or Restylane, to plump the skin and hide blueness; the injections can last a year or longer and cost $700 to $900 a pop.

Here are some of the most common causes of true under-eye circles.

  • Allergies
  • Atopic dermatitis (eczema)
  • Contact dermatitis
  • Fatigue
  • Heredity — dark under-eye circles can run in families
  • Pigmentation irregularities — these are a particular concern for people of color, especially blacks and Asians
  • Rubbing or scratching your eyes
  • Sun exposure, which prompts your body to produce more melanin, the pigment that gives skin its color
  • Thinning skin and loss of fat and collagen — common as you age — can make the reddish-blue blood vessels under your eyes more obvious
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